An acropolis is an area of high ground. In ancient Greece, many cities were built around an acropolis. If attacked, the people could take shelter in the buildings built high above the city on the acropolis.
The Acropolis and Parthenon in Athens
The most famous acropolis in ancient Greece is probably the one in ancient Athens. The acropolis in Athens is so famous that it is usually capitalized, like a proper name, and referred to simply as "The Acropolis". But there was an acropolis in every Greek city-state, sometime more than one.
The Parthenon is a famous temple. It was built on The Acropolis (in Athens). It was built by Pericles around 2,400 years ago! The picture above is not a drawing of the real Parthenon. It is a building in Tennessee in the United States. Ancient Greek architecture has inspired many artists and many buildings through time. Greek architecture is one of the many gifts the world received from the ancient Greeks.