Greece for Kids
Alexander, known as the Great Greek,
was not Greek. He was a prince in the county of Macedonia. Macedonia
was an empire located to the north of Greece. (Macedonia is pictured
in gold in the map below.)
Alexander had many teachers, one of
which was Aristotle.
Aristotle is another famous person that many refer to as an ancient
Greek. But Aristotle was also born in Macedonia. Aristotle lived in
Greece for a really long time, though. He loved the Greeks. He
believed in the Greek gods. He knew Greek history and the Greek
language and Greek theatre. Aristotle thought the Greeks were clever
and interesting and talented, and he spoke of his admiration for the
Greeks many times to his student, the young prince, Alexander.
Alexander grew up dreaming of the day
he would be king. When he was king, he too would teach everyone
about the Greek culture he had come to know and love so well.
Obviously, Aristotle had a great effect on Alexander and what he
But Alexander had other teachers,
teachers that taught him how to wage war and how to conquer other
people. His teachers tried to teach him that a Macedonian king was
not merciful. But Alexander disagreed. He allowed every culture he
conquered when he became king the opportunity to rule themselves.
All he asked was that they be loyal to Alexander. And, he taught all
the people he conquered all about the ancient Greeks - their
stories, their myths, their gods, their language - everything, just
as he had been taught.
Alexander never lost a battle,
never, not even one. By the time he was 32, he had conquered the
entire Mediterranean region, and even reached into the Indus River
region. He probably would have kept going, but one day, he became
ill and died. He was only 32 years old.
We owe Alexander a great deal. It was
Alexander who spread the Greek culture throughout the Mediterranean.
Without Alexander, that culture might not have survived. The
Macedonians conquered the Greek city-states. The ancient Romans
conquered the Greek city-states. Who knows what might have been lost
without the teachings of Alexander the Great.
the Great (ppt)
of Alexander's Empire