Aristotle was a teacher. He was born in ancient Macedonia, a country to the north of Greece. Aristotle was always curious about things, even as a small boy. His parents were great believers in education. They encouraged their young son to learn as much as he could. When Aristotle was 17, his parents allowed him to move to Athens, a city-state in ancient Greece, so that he could study with the famous scholar, Plato.
Aristotle highly respected the ancient Greek way of doing things and thinking about things. He spoke Greek. He believed in the Greek gods. He thought the Greeks were great.
Aristotle stayed in Athens for 20 years. He continued to study with Plato, but he also wrote, and as time went on, he taught students himself. After Plato died, King Phillip of Macedonia offered Aristotle a job as tutor to the king's young son, Alexander.
Aristotle taught Alexander to admire and respect the Greeks. When Alexander's father died, Alexander became the king of Macedonia. Alexander was a warrior, a very capable warrior. He conquered the entire Mediterranean region. Everywhere he went, he spread the Greek way of doing things. Thanks to Alexander, and his teacher, Artistotle, the many gifts the Greeks gave the world survived. Today, we call Alexander, Alexander the Great!
Like Confucius, the famous Chinese philosopher, Aristotle is also remembered for his sayings. He used sayings to help his students become wiser. His sayings lend themselves to discussion, argument, and thought. He is still quoted today. For example, Aristotle said:
- "We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence then is a habit."
- "We think in pictures. If you wish to change what you think, change the picture."