Greece for Kids
Athens and Sparta were the two most important city-states
in ancient Greece, or so they believed. But they were not the only
city-states. There were many city-states in the ancient Greek world.
Each was important in its own way. The Greeks who lived in each
city-state were proud of their hometown. They were also proud to be
Greek. All Greeks, wherever they made their home, had things in
The ancient Greeks spoke the same language. They believed in the same
gods. They shared a common heritage. They perceived themselves as
BE A CITIZEN OF A CITY-STATE:
The ancient Greeks referred to themselves, however, as citizens of
their hometown - their city-state. Each city-state (polis)
had its own personality, goals, laws and customs. Ancient Greeks
were very loyal to their city-state.
There were three main forms of government in ancient Greece:
Rule by a king. One city-state whose government was a monarchy
was the city-state of Corinth.
Rule by a small group. One city-state whose government was
an oligarchy was the city-state of Sparta.
Rule by the citizens, voting in an assembly. One city-state
whose government experimented for about a hundred years with
democracy was the ancient city-state of Athens.
of Democracy in Athens