Greece for Kids
Megara was a coastal city-state. Megara
was highly respected in the ancient Greek world. They were similar to
Corinth. They were ruled by a king. They had their coinage. They had
public work programs to keep people employed. Megara had beautiful
statues and open air arenas for plays. Their boys went to school.
Their girls learned at home.
Like Corinth, there was a great deal of
freedom in Megara. You could move there from another city-state and
rent a home, or even buy one.
Like all the Greek city-states,
Megarians loved to establish new towns. They were great sailors. They
sailed around the Mediterranean, trading with other Greek city-states,
and looking for places to establish new outposts. One of the town they
founded was on the coast of Turkey. They named it Byzantium. After a
while, Byzantium changed its name to Constantinople. Constantinople
was renamed Istanbul, which is a very famous city in modern day
Megarians, like all
the Greeks, were trained warriors. Spartans might be the best
warriors, but all Greek citizens knew how to fight. Megarians would
fight if they had to, but they would much rather trade or negotiate.
In the ancient Greek world, Megara was famous for its textiles.
Everybody wanted their richly colored and beautifully designed
fabrics. Sometimes they could talk their way out of trouble simply by
trading their glorious textiles.