Ancient Greek Inventions and Discoveries in science, math, medicine, philosophy, arts, architecture, cartography and more for Kids and Teachers - Hippocrates, Archimedes, Aristotle, and more Illustration

Ancient Greek Inventions and Discoveries

The ancient Greeks were curious and creative. They explored inventions and discoveries in the arts, philosophy, science, architecture, medicine, geometry, cartography, and more. Some of their inventions and discoveries include:

Invention of the wheelbarrow

Invention of the watermill, used to grind grain

Invention of the odometer by Archimedes to measure distances

Discovery by Archimedes that submerging a solid object in water will displace water in an amount matching the weight of that object - in other words, how things float!

Aristotle insisted that the Earth was a globe and that the Earth revolved around the sun. These ideas were ignored in later time periods, but re-established when it was discovered that Aristotle, so long ago, was right!

Great strides in medicine by an ancient Greek doctor, Hippocrates, in 460 BC. Today, Hippocrates is known as the father of western medicine.

Improvements in cartography, or map making, begun by the ancient Babylonians and improved by the ancient Greeks

Improvements in geometry, begun by both the Babylonians and the Egyptians, and greatly improved by the ancient Greeks who insisted on geometric proofs rather than statements, using deductive reasoning, much like we do today

The invention of the shower

Urban planning

Invention of the stadium and the Olympic games

The first lighthouse

Trial by Jury - The Ancient Greeks did not invent trial by jury, but they certainly fine tuned it

Roots of Democracy

Greek Myths - Myths we still enjoy today!

Comedy, Tragedy, Satire, Theatre

Greek Columns & Greek Architecture

Fables and Legends including Aesop's Fables

See also: Inventions by Ancient Civilizations

For Teachers

Greek Achievements, Inventions, and Discoveries -  Lesson Plans and Activities

Powerpoints - Greek Achievements, Inventions, and Discoveries that changed the world